At Bracken Lane, the teaching of English is at the heart of all we do. We recognise that when children arrive at Bracken Lane their abilities in English vary considerably. All children bring some literacy skills with them and it is our aim to build on these through careful identification, planning, class organisation and delivery of learning.
The grasping of literacy skills is vital for success, and the teaching and learning of speaking and listening, drama, reading, writing, grammar, handwriting, spelling and presentation are all inter-related.
For children to gain the most from this and have the best chances of achieving their potential it must also be enjoyable and shared by both home and school.
The children have many opportunities to practise their skills in daily English lessons which take place in each class every day. Children use their English skills to access learning across the whole curriculum.
Phonics and Early Reading
Children in FS/KS1 have a daily twenty minute phonic session. The children are split into groups and are taught phonics using the ‘Letters and Sounds’ strategy.
This is delivered in a fun way which could included children making letter shapes with their bodies and learning through playing games.
Why teach English?
A high-quality education in English teaches children to write and speak fluently, so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, children have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Reading enables children to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know.
The main aim for the teaching of English is to promote high standards of literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. At Bracken Lane we aim to ensure that all pupils:
The National Curriculum for English reflects the importance of spoken language in pupils' development across the whole curriculum.
Spoken language underpins the development of reading and writing. The quality and variety of language that pupils hear and speak are vital for developing their vocabulary and grammar and their understanding for reading and writing. Through our teaching of English, we ensure the continual development of children's confidence and competence in spoken language and listening skills.
Pupils develop a capacity to explain their understanding of books and other reading and to prepare their ideas before they write. All pupils are enabled to participate in drama activities, adopting, creating and sustaining a range of roles and responding appropriately to others. They have opportunities to improvise, devise and script drama for one another and a range of audiences, as well as to rehearse, refine, share and respond thoughtfully to drama and theatre performances.
The National Curriculum for reading comprises of two parts:
The teaching of reading focuses on developing children's competence in both of these areas.
Skilled word reading involves both the speedy working out of the pronunciation of unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and the speedy recognition of familiar printed words. Underpinning both of these is the understanding that the letters on the page represent the sounds in spoken words. This is why phonics is emphasised in the early teaching of reading when children start school.
Good comprehension draws from linguistic knowledge and on knowledge of the world. Comprehension skills develop through children's experience of high-quality discussion with the teacher, as well as from reading and discussing a range of stories, poems and non-fiction. All children are encouraged to read widely across both fiction and non-fiction to develop their knowledge of themselves and the world in which they live, to establish an appreciation and love of reading, and to gain knowledge across the curriculum. Reading widely and often increases pupils' vocabulary because they encounter words they would rarely hear or use in everyday speech. Reading also feeds pupils' imagination and opens up a treasure-house
of wonder and joy for curious young minds.
It is essential that, by the end of their primary education, all pupils are able to read fluently and with confidence in any subject.
The National Curriculum for writing comprises of 2 parts:
Teaching develops pupils' competence in these 2 areas. In addition, pupils are taught how to plan, revise and evaluate their writing.
Writing down ideas fluently depends on effective transcription: that is, on spelling quickly and accurately through knowing the relationship between sounds and letters (phonics) and understanding the morphology (word structure) and orthography (spelling structure) of words. Effective composition involves articulating and communicating ideas, and then organising them coherently for a reader. This requires clarity, awareness of audience, purpose and context, and an increasingly wide knowledge of vocabulary and grammar. writing also depends on fluent, legible and, eventually, speedy handwriting.